What kinds of Judaism are there? And what are the names? ?

Question by Mishugana girl: What kinds of Judaism are there? And what are the names? ?
I’m not talking about Orthodox and that kind of stuff but like Chabad and that kind of stuff. And, if you know, what is the difference?

Best answer:

Answer by Gruz
There are dead Jews, live Jews, sick Jews, and perfectly healthy Jews.

What do you think? Answer below!

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Originally posted 2014-02-17 17:07:54. Republished by Old Post Promoter

8 Responses to What kinds of Judaism are there? And what are the names? ?

  1. TG1979

    Even though all of these denominations exist in Israel, Israelis tend to classify Jewish identity in ways that are different than diaspora Jewry. Most Jewish Israelis classify themselves as “secular” (hiloni), “traditional” (masorti), “religious” (dati) or Haredi. The term “secular” is more popular as a self-description among Israeli families of western (European) origin, whose Jewish identity may be a very powerful force in their lives, but who see it as largely independent of traditional religious belief and practice. This portion of the population largely ignores organized religious life, be it of the official Israeli rabbinate (Orthodox) or of the liberal movements common to diaspora Judaism (Reform, Conservative).

    The term “traditional” (masorti) is most common as a self-description among Israeli families of “eastern” origin (i.e., the Middle East, Central Asia, and North Africa). This term, as commonly used, has nothing to do with the official Masorti (Conservative) movement.

    There is a great deal of ambiguity in the ways “secular” and “traditional” are used in Israel. They often overlap, and they cover an extremely wide range in terms of ideology and religious observance.

    The term “Orthodox” is not popular in Israeli discourse, although the percentage of Jews who come under that category in Israel is far greater than in the diaspora. Various methods of measuring this percentage, each with its pros and cons, are the proportion of religiously observant Knesset members, the proportion of Jewish children enrolled in religious schools, and statistical studies on “identity.”

    What would be called “Orthodox” in the diaspora includes what is commonly called dati (religious) or haredi (ultra-Orthodox) in Israel. The former term includes what is called “Religious Zionism” or the “National Religious” community, as well as what has become known over the past decade or so as haredi-leumi (nationalist haredi), or “Hardal,” which combines a largely haredi lifestyle with nationalist ideology.

    Haredi applies to a populace that can be roughly divided into three separate groups along both ethnic and ideological lines: (1) “Lithuanian” (non-hasidic) haredim of Ashkenazic origin; (2) Hasidic haredim of Ashkenazic origin; and (3) Sephardic haredim. The third group is the largest, and has been the most politically active since the early 1990s.

  2. clusium1971

    Sephardim, Ashkenaz(They are the ones which are divided into Orthodox, Reconstructionist, Conservative, Reform, etc), Karaite, Chassidim, Haredi, Chabad Lubavitch, Falasha(Ethiopian), Kaifang(Chinese), Natarai Karta, Kabbalah, Jewish Scientist, Samaritan, Bene Israel,& Noahide.

  3. ebed

    all previously mentioned and also the Karaites.

  4. vansemmanuel JPA/YahooEliteClub

    Are you asking for the sects in Orthodox Judaism? If so then there is:
    -Modern Orthodoxy
    -Haredi Judaism
    -Hasidic Judaism


    EDIT: You are asking for the Orthodox Sects right??? If not i will provide info on the other sects

    There are many differences. Modern Orthodoxy is more of a normative view of Jewish law. Haredi and Hasidic Judaism is alot more traditional.

  5. kismet

    Conservative Judaism:
    Its principles include
    * A dedication to Halakha… [as a] guide for one’s life;[1]
    * A deliberately non-fundamentalist teaching of Jewish principles of faith;
    * A positive attitude toward modern culture; and
    * An acceptance of both traditional rabbinic modes of study and modern scholarship and critical text study when considering Jewish religious texts.
    Reform Judaism, whose principles include:
    (1) changing with the times and (2) democracy
    Reconstructionist Judaism, which views Judaism as the result of natural human development. There is no such thing as divine intervention; Judaism is an evolving religious civilization.

  6. Mark S, JPAA

    It sounds like you’re looking for branches of ultra-Orthodox Judaism.

    Orthodox Observance Categories
    Below are guidelines to understanding the observance categories on Frumster.

    We do not use these terms to make judgments about an individual’s observance, nor do we encourage categorization of people by “putting them in boxes”. Our intention is solely to facilitate searches for a potential spouse; as an individual’s religious outlook and practice are essential criteria in determining compatability.

    Because these terms may be understood differently across the Jewish world, we encourage singles to search across Hashkafas (Jewish outlooks/observance categories), and focus on objective measurements of observance – such as frequency of prayer, and type of dress.

    Modern Orthodox Liberal
    These tend to be individuals who are Shabbat and Kosher observant, but have a more “relaxed” or “open” approach to Halacha, sometimes accepting leniencies that are not accepted by those who espouse strict adherence to the dictates of the Halacha. Such individuals may, or may not be involved in regular and consistent Torah learning or prayer, although the general tendency is to be more “relaxed” in these areas as well. A commonality amongst this group is that they are open to secular activities such as bars, clubs, and movies.

    Modern Orthodox Machmir
    These tend to be individuals who strive to maintain a lifestyle according to the rules and guidelines of Halacha (Jewish law); often this is reflected in greater involvement in daily Torah learning and prayer. However, they are modern in the sense that they are not “Yeshivish” (see the next category) and readily engage in the secular world while leading an Orthodox observant life.

    Yeshivish Modern
    These tend to be individuals who identify more strongly with the Yeshivish-black-hat community, but feel that working in society is an essential part of their Judaism. Such individuals strive to embrace a structured Torah lifestyle with a professional secular career. Identification with a “Yeshivish” outlook can reflect itself in dress, which Rabbi one follows, and the Torah institutions that one attends or supports.

    Yeshivish Black Hat
    With these individuals, Torah learning, prayer, and careful adherence to fulfillment of Mitzvos are core elements to a life of intensive religious commitment and spiritual growth. Strict and unbending loyalty to Halacha is seen as normative. Generally, an avoidance of the secular world is encouraged, and barriers are seen as critical to protecting against secular influences.

    Such individuals embrace a Hasidic philosophy, which includes a commitment to the emotional/spiritual element of Torah observance. This can be reflected in an orientation in which additional emphasis is placed on prayer and fulfillment of Mitzvos with religious fervor and passion. Usually, there is a distinctive mode of Chassidic dress, which can vary according to the particular affiliation (e.g. Breslov, Ger, Lubavitch (Chabad), Satmar etc). Often, an individual follows and professes allegiance to a particular spiritual guide (Rebbe).

    These are individuals who are Shabbat and Kosher observant and tend to embrace a more spiritual, and relaxed observant lifestyle. This observant outlook emanates from followers of the late Rabbi Shlomo Carlbach who was an inspiration to many unaffiliated Jews in the 60’s and 70’s and who were drawn towards greater observance by a Rabbi who embraced a message of Torah, love of the Jewish people, and Israel, expressed through his own musicality.

    Shomer Mitzvot
    This category was created out of a demand for a no-name brand “Orthodox” category. Individuals who choose this category generally do not believe in labels or categorization.

  7. Tyreeisme!

    also remember the Karaites who reject the Talmud

    and the Samaritans who are an offshoot of Judaism that still exists today in Israel that is thought to derive from intermarriage

  8. Paperback Writer JPAKosherNinja

    MARK S has given a great answer.

    I would just like to add:

    The Christians that go round posing as ‘messianic jews’ are just that: Christians. There is no ‘messianic’ sect IN Judaism. None.

    So if anyone, ever, tells you they are a ‘messianic jew’, you will know they are an evangelical Christian. The Messianic movement was founded by Christians and it is funded by evangelical Churches.